In today's digital world, being tech-savvy is a key quality for businesses of all sizes. Particularly for startups and small to medium-sized businesses who usually don’t have the resources to hire a full-time CTO. That's where fractional CTOs come in. 

This article will uncover the diverse roles, responsibilities, and profound transformative influence fractional CTOs can bring to your company.

CTO as a service

As you may know, the Chief Technology Officer (CTO) is a senior executive responsible for overseeing the company's technological needs, priorities, and solutions. They play a critical role in aligning technology with strategic goals and ensuring that the technological infrastructure supports the organization's overall vision.

Here's why the CTO is considered one of the most crucial players in the C-suite:

Main tasks of fractional CTO

CTO as a Service (CaaS) represents a novel approach to collaborating with a CTO. In this arrangement, businesses enlist the expertise of an external specialist to address technical challenges, assist in resolving issues within the tech team, and aid in implementing ambitious projects. CTO outsourcing enables companies to adopt a flexible payment model, allowing them to engage a freelance CTO as needed, depending on the company's requirements.

For example, in September 2022, more than 10,000 small businesses in Singapore have already harnessed the advantages of CaaS. They've turned to this approach to address technical challenges, reduce expenses, and navigate the challenges of a competitive tech talent market.

CaaS offers various engagement models, from a few hours per week to a full-time commitment or occasional participation in meetings with the development team or investors. And fractional CTO is one of the types we will elaborate on in the following.  

What is a fractional CTO

A fractional Chief Technology Officer, often abbreviated as fractional CTO, is a professional who offers on-demand technology leadership services to a company or organization. Unlike traditional full- or part-time CTO positions, a fractional CTO operates on a freelance or contractual basis, typically working for a portion of the time and cost and specifically focusing on particular projects or strategic aspects of technology management. This flexible arrangement allows businesses to access expert technology guidance without the commitment of a full-time hire.

Who can benefit from hiring a fractional CTO

  • Startups and SMBs. Startups and small-to-medium-sized businesses benefit by gaining access to expert technology guidance without hiring a full-time CTO. This helps them harness technology for growth, efficiency, and competitiveness

  • Companies in transition. Businesses undergoing substantial changes, such as mergers, acquisitions, pivots, or rapid growth, can rely on fractional CTOs to manage the technical aspects, ensuring a smooth transition with minimal disruption

  • Project-specific needs. Organizations embarking on project-specific endeavors that require seasoned technology leadership, whether tech system implementation, digital transformation, or product development, can benefit from fractional CTOs' guidance

  • Non-tech companies. Businesses outside the tech sector aiming to optimize operations, innovate, and grow through technology adoption find value in fractional CTO services. These leaders guide them through the process, whether it's IoT integration, e-commerce establishment, or digital customer experience

  • Interim leadership. In unforeseen circumstances like when a CTO resigns or goes on medical leave, fractional CTOs can provide temporary leadership, ensuring continuity and stability until a permanent replacement is found

  • Remote and dispersed operations. In today's globally connected and remote working environment, businesses operating across multiple locations benefit from fractional CTOs, who can offer strategic technology leadership, often remotely, to support their dispersed operations without being tied to a specific location.

What are the differences between fractional, interim, part-time, and full-time CTOs

Interim CTO

An interim CTO is a senior-level technology executive hired temporarily to fill a vacant CTO role or to provide leadership and guidance during a transition period. Interim CTOs are typically experienced in various industries and deeply understand technology trends and best practices.

Part-time CTO

A part-time CTO is a senior-level technology executive hired part-time to provide leadership and guidance to a company's technology team. They are typically engaged for 20–30 hours per week and can be a good option for companies that do not need a full-time CTO or that cannot afford to hire a full-time CTO.

Full-time CTO

A full-time CTO is a senior-level technology executive responsible for overseeing a company's technology strategy and operations. Full-time CTOs are typically responsible for developing and implementing the company's technology roadmap, managing the tech team, overseeing product development, and supporting vendor relationships.

Fractional CTO table of comparison

Fractional CTO roles and responsibilities

Here are the specific responsibilities associated with the role:

Fractional CTO responsibilities
  • Technology strategy development. Working closely with the company’s leadership team to define and align technology goals, strategies, and roadmaps

  • Technical leadership. Providing guidance on architectural decisions, technology selection, and best practices for implementation

  • Team management. Overseeing the development team, fostering collaboration, setting goals, and ensuring the efficient execution of projects

  • Technology evaluation and integration. Assessing and recommending technologies, tools, and third-party integrations that align with the startup's requirements and long-term vision

  • Security and compliance. Ensuring the startup's technology infrastructure and practices comply with relevant security standards and regulations

  • Vendor and stakeholder management. Collaborating with external vendors, partners, and stakeholders to forge successful technology partnerships

  • Technological updates. Cultivating a culture of continuous improvement, embracing agile methodologies, and staying abreast of the latest industry trends. And most importantly, there are limitations to this role. Understanding these limitations can help set realistic expectations for the fractional CTO’s effective existence within your organization

What not to expect from fractional CTO:

  1. Full-time availability — they are not typically available for full-time work, as they are engaged on a part-time or temporary basis.

  2. Hands-on technical execution — it is all about technical guidance, fractional CTOs usually don't engage in hands-on coding or direct technical implementation.

  3. Long-term commitment — these roles are not meant for long-term commitments within the company, as they are primarily focused on specific projects or periods of growth.

  4. Sole decision-making authority — they may offer advice and guidance, but they are not typically the sole decision-makers for major company-wide technology decisions.

  5. Deep involvement in non-technical aspects — fractional CTOs may not be deeply involved in non-technical aspects of the business, such as marketing, sales, or operations, as their focus is primarily on technology.

  6. On-site presence at all times — their work might be conducted remotely or during specific agreed-upon intervals.

When to hire fractional CTOs

The decision to hire a fractional CTO should not be taken lightly. It can significantly impact your organization's ability to harness the power of technology for growth and innovation. In this context, it's important to consider a series of pivotal questions that can guide your decision-making process when contemplating the appointment of a fractional CTO.

Here are the questions to help you catch the right moment to add a fractional CTO to your team:

  • How much do your top executives understand your tech products and services?
  • Did your CTO position recently become vacant?
  • Are you building an in-house or outsourcing a development team?
  • Are your tech needs growing in size or complexity?
  • Are you launching new tech products?
  • Is there a noticeable gap in communication between your tech team and your executive leadership?
  • How experienced is your tech team in making business decisions?

Hiring a fractional CTO lets you focus on specific projects, and you gain the expertise of an experienced professional (plus their fresh insights) without the full cost.

Mad Devs provides HR assistance and consulting if you are interested in hiring a fractional CTO. 

Fractional CTO’s average salaries and rates

According to a salary report by Reed, UK employees are expected to earn £96,080 in the private sector, along with a 12% bonus, or £75,950 in the public sector, coupled with a 27.90% pension contribution in 2023.

A tech leader serving as the head of a similarly sized US-based company is projected to have an average annual salary of $194,000 in 2023 or an hourly wage of $83.


According to other sources, fractional CTOs charge between $150 and $300 per hour for their services, with the possibility of negotiating collaboration for equity. Their hourly rate may be around $100 for assisting early-stage startups in developing strategies or MVPs. In cases where they perform technical due diligence for venture capitalists before significant investment rounds, their rates may go up to $1,000 per hour. 


Fractional CTOs provide a cost-effective solution for businesses that don't require a full-time CTO. They are particularly valuable to startups, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMBs), and companies outside the tech industry, helping enhance technological progress and success. However, it's important to note that they may not be the perfect fit for every situation. A full-time CTO might be necessary when hands-on management, intricate regulatory requirements, or proprietary technology demands it.

To make the right decision, aligning the fractional CTO's role with your strategic objectives and considering factors like the scale of your tech needs, budget constraints, and growth plans is essential. While they can provide a strategic edge in a dynamic tech landscape, integrating them into a well-crafted business strategy is crucial for their success.

Feel free to reach out to us if you're looking to hire a CTO as a service. We handle the entire recruitment and onboarding process, allowing you to save your valuable time and resources.


What is a fractional CTO?

What are the benefits of a fractional CTO?

What are the key responsibilities of a fractional CTO?

How do you choose the right fractional CTO for your business?

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