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No Bad Questions About Cybersecurity

Definition of SecOps

What is SecOps

Security operations (SecOps) refers to the collaboration between security and operations teams in an organization. This collaboration prioritizes network and data security, minimizing risk while maintaining tech performance. Unlike DevSecOps, SecOps doesn't mandate DevOps teams but emphasizes integrating security into every project from its earliest stages.

Key goals are: 

  1. Protect against cyberattacks. SecOps teams work to protect an organization's systems and data from cyberattacks. This includes identifying and mitigating vulnerabilities, implementing security controls, and responding to incidents. 
  2. Maintain compliance. They also ensure that an organization complies with all relevant security regulations. This includes understanding and complying with industry standards, as well as government regulations. 
  3. Improve tech performance.  SecOps teams help to improve technology performance by identifying and resolving security issues that can slow down systems or cause outages. 

How does SecOps work? 

SecOps works by following a set of processes and procedures that are designed to identify, mitigate, and respond to security threats. Let’s elaborate on it and explore the SecOps teams’ scope:  

Threat detection 

SecOps teams use a variety of tools and methods to detect security threats, such as intrusion detection systems (IDS), firewalls, and security analytics. 

Threat assessment 

Once a threat has been detected, SecOps teams assess the severity of the threat and determine the appropriate response. 

Threat mitigation 

They take steps to mitigate the threat, such as patching vulnerabilities, quarantining infected systems, or changing passwords. 

Threat response 

They develop and implement a plan for responding to security incidents. This plan typically includes steps for containing the incident, investigating the cause of the incident, and recovering from the incident. 

SecOps teams also work to improve security by: 

  • Educating employees about security with security awareness training to help them understand the risks of cyberattacks and how to protect themselves and the organization. 
  • Implementing security controls, such as access controls and data encryption, to protect sensitive data. 
  • Monitoring security systems for signs of suspicious activity. 
  • Responding to security incidents to contain the damage and prevent further harm. 

In addition to these core processes, SecOps teams also play a role in risk management and compliance. 

What is the difference between SecOps and SOC? 

A security operations center (SOC) is a centralized hub (physical, virtual, or both) where the SecOps team operates, facilitating collaboration across security personnel and streamlining security operations. While the SecOps team is often self-contained, consisting of highly skilled personnel (either internal or outsourced), it may interact with other teams or departments.  

The SecOps team, comprised of highly skilled tech and security professionals, monitors threats and assesses organizational risks. The roles within the SOC team, including SOC analysts, security engineers, a security manager, a tech operations manager, and system administrators, can vary in number based on the organization's size and requirements, typically ranging from 5 to 14 members. All these roles report to the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO). 

In other words, SecOps is the overall approach to managing security operations, while a SOC is a specific tool that is used to carry out SecOps activities.